How to Write a Thesis Proposal — 7 Steps – Hunter Essay

How to Write a Thesis Proposal — 7 Steps

How to Write a Thesis Proposal — 7 Steps

A good thesis proposal confirms the potential for a research paper and convinces the committee that there will be a worthy contribution to the science field.


  1. Choose the topic
  2. Mind the structure
  3. Follow the order
  4. Be accurate
  5. Check the work
  6. Things to avoid
  7. Writing service help

Choose the topic

The science always seeks to replenish its research collection with new works. And when you write a thesis proposal you are expected to report something fresh and important. Your idea is supposed to be developed in a research paper. But first, a corresponding topic must be chosen. If you do not already know it, spend time understanding what you are going to write about. Thinking it over, pay attention that the best variant is what is interesting for you and important for the science at the same time. The information must be actual and useful for the further application.

You can monitor existing works in the library and ask your supervisor whether your ideas are good for writing a thesis proposal. Maybe he will advise you something that will help you to successfully cope with the chosen topic. After you found what you are going to write about and got a general statement about how it should look like, you may come up with a headline. Note that this will be a working title. It precedes the final title, making the topic clear, and aims at narrowing down the scope of your search and writing efforts. That is why it should be descriptive. Later, after the preparatory work is completed, you may do it shorter and more attractive.

Mind the structure

The work you do must consist of certain sections. Its structure allows writing an understandable text. It is easy to navigate when a concrete piece of information is needed. The items are organized in a logical sequence. For a thesis proposal they are the following:

  • introduction,
  • abstract,
  • literature review,
  • discussion about methodology and theory,
  • timeline,
  • bibliography.

Such system reminds of the structure of a research paper. The sections should have subtopics. You are recommended to start with the introduction. In it you announce the content of your work and draw the attention of the reader to the problem. Describe the background of the question from general to specific and make it understandable for a wide range of readers.

The abstract is a short summary of your work and presents the main statement of the thesis. Add to this a brief description of how you will solve the problem. Say some words of how your thesis proposal will affect the chosen field of scientific activity. The literature review will include facts and opinions from publications of other authors. It must include similar, contradictory and alternative concepts of the discussed question. The discussion about methodology and theory shows the results which you have got. It also demonstrates how they correspond to the thesis of the work. In the timeline section you will have to define when and how you will do every part of the work. In the bibliography you have to mention all the authors whose works you used.

Follow the order

The order of writing a thesis research proposal consists of steps which help to tie all the parts of the work logically. As a rule, the sequence is the following:

  1. Outline.
  2. Tables and figures.
  3. Figure captions.
  4. Methods.
  5. Discussion.
  6. Introduction.
  7. Abstract.
  8. Bibliography.

Though a ready work begins with the introduction, in the process of writing it is easier to understand what to announce when the substantive part has been already written. That is why the introduction is almost at the end of the list. It is important to remember if you want to know how to write a thesis proposal and other works of similar character.

Writing the main parts of the text it is necessary to remember that your work is just a proposal and you need to inform about your intentions but not to fully implement them. Besides, sometimes the order of writing may change depending on circumstances. For example, you have written some sections in advance and you need to finish only the rest of the structure. Or there is a need to rewrite some episodes of the text because you want to correct something as well as to add the important data.

Be accurate

Make every section corresponding to its function. Write in it about that side of problem whiсh it is intended for. Start passages with topic sentences and summarize the given information. It will help a reader to learn where is the information he is interested most of all at the moment. When you mention other authors and their publications, do not forget to name them in the reference list. Try to paraphrase what they have said and refer to primary sources more than to secondary ones. This is your work and among the opinions of others make your voice perceptible, too. Reinforce the assertions by arguments.

Use the literary language, neutral style, and proper terms. Remember that a reader wants to understand easily what you write about. Use as many facts as necessary and make an accent on the results of your own findings. Do not forget about illustrative possibilities. Show figures and tables, samples and techniques. If you know that a proposal may have much additional information, be ready to attach it to your work undoubtedly. If later you plan to publish an article in a scientific journal, you will be able to place it in a special section. Cherish the results of your work.

The sources which you use in your proposal must exactly relate to the research question. If such works describe the situation approximately, they are not competent enough or refer to other aspects. You should delete or replace them with proper literature, otherwise, this will reduce the value of your scientific work. Then, if you use reliable sources but have arguments to doubt some declared statements, boldly criticize them because there is no greater authority than the results of the conducted scientific research. And this will be your effective contribution to the field, too.

Check the work

It is supposed that first you write your thesis proposal on a draft. It means that you may correct and delete wrong places or add necessary information to the text. Surely you thought everything over in advance and tried to avoid mistakes. But after you finish your work it always looks slightly different in comparison with what you have planned. That is why when you are through with your draft, make a pause and have a rest. Come back to your text later when you are full of energy and your perception will be fresh. Make sure you have enough time for a detailed check of the work.

There are several ways of checking the text for errors. You may use all of them or choose a number of the most effective methods. If you have enough time, read the text aloud. When you pronounce words you hear how they sound from the side. It will help you to understand how a reader will perceive your work. Check grammar and punctuation. They are important no less than the accuracy of facts and theoretical calculations. Even if you think that you have checked everything, suggest to your colleagues reading your work. They may add something that you have missed.

Things to avoid

You write a purely scientific work. This means that your ways of expression are limited. You must avoid:

  • jargon,
  • emotions,
  • judgments without facts,
  • plagiarism,
  • verbosity.

The loss of time is what you should take control of, too. Master thesis proposal or doctoral thesis proposal cannot be written in one evening. Such work is often a labor of all life. If you are still on the way to these scientific degrees, do everything in advance and try to allocate for work as much time as possible.

Thinking about your research and possible publication do not forget that a negative result is a result, too. Some people think that only positive results of research are important. It is not true to fact. Negative results show a wrong direction and warn other scientists what they should not do. Thus, avoid only agreeing with opinions of other authors, add arguable points of view and propose the alternative solution of the problem. But save the time of the reader and do not write to much. Try to fit everything you want to say into a given number of words.

Do not use the sources which are out of date. In some sciences the information becomes obsolete very quickly. People conduct researches every day and get results which change the situation in science. If you use someone’s work to demonstrate the difference of approaches 100 years ago and today, this is one thing. But if you try to confirm your results by the data, published a dozen years ago, it may not have value for the modern science. It is permissible if the hypothesis is several years old, and the research of the last year have not changed its fundamental postulates.

Writing service help

A thesis proposal must be designed so that you could implement plans for your further research. If you do not have enough time for this you can get help from experienced writers in a special service. All you have to do is just to explain what you need and the work will be done as soon as possible. The result is guaranteed and you remain anonymous. You may contact with a professional writer from the service and learn how to write a perfect thesis proposal on the chosen topic at any moment.

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